Taxation on Sugar-Sweetened Beverages (SSBs) in Bangladesh: What Should We Do?

Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is a major public health problem globally. Consumption of SSBs has a correlation with less healthy behaviors- such as smoking, insomnia, less exercise, frequent consumption of fast food, increased screen time among adults and adolescents. There is an association between increased soft drink intake with obesity and increased health problems, such as, Type II Diabetes, tooth decay, kidney diseases, cardiovascular diseases, gout.2 Keeping other things constant, if one consumes a SSB daily, s/he can gain weight by 5 pounds in a year. One who drinks one to two can daily possess 26 % higher risk of developing type II diabetes mellitus disease with other metabolic syndromes.3,4 The consequences of drinking SSBs are obesity with chronic diseases and these can culminate into a premature death. Regular consumption of SSBs can reduce academic performance and increase body-mass index (BMI) among students.5 Consumption of SSBs includes both direct (out of pocket expenditure) and indirect cost (public health cost) to the consumer and the society in the process of treating obesity, metabolic syndromes (cluster of heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes) and kidney disease.3

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Maneuvering the impact of Covid-19 Pandemic with the existing of Bangladesh: In a searching for deficiency in implementing legal policy along with the legal and social challenges that come within (English)

In a vulnerable country like Bangladesh, the outbreak of the unprecedented level of transmission of novel coronavirus COVID-19 has brought devastating effects in Bangladesh. For the purpose of eradicating this infectious disease, the government of Bangladesh has incorporated the life-threatening novel coronavirus in ‘The Communicable Diseases (Prevention, Control, and Eradication) Act, 2018’. In light of such issue, the Center for Law and Policy Affairs (CLPA) pursues initiatives to analyze the applicability and enforceability of the Communicable Diseases Act, by conducting a survey of 100 respondents; combing opinions of general people as well as taking desk review of experts opinion, and further evaluating the overall gravity, consisting both legal and social challenges, towards the mitigation of the current scenario of pandemic crisis in Bangladesh. The research study echoes the establishment of the National Health Command System, providing safety precautionary measures to health providers including health insurance. Constitution of ‘Legal Cell’ should be given top priority to provide speedy medical services at the district level through decentralization. -- More Details

Legal Protections for People Living with HIV and Sexual Minorities in Bangladesh (English)

A very minimum of patients with AIDS or HIV have in Bangladesh, A low prevalence country. Nevertheless, this region is jeopardizing for a lot of immigrant people. Bangladesh’s government has taken steps and policies for defending HIV or AIDS. The study focused on finding out the laws and policies that are related to protecting HIV-positive people. 

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Local government strength to promoting physical activities ((Bangla and English)

Physical inactivity is an established risk factor for non-communicable diseases (NCD) and identified as the major public health concern worldwide. According to the WHO study, Bangladesh people have a negative attitude on physical activities.  To involve people in physical activity is closely related to the environment of the citizen living area, which is the core responsibility of the local government institute. In this study, we have measure Bangladesh’s local government’s facilities and challenges for promoting physical activities.

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Law and policies to protecting water bodies of Bangladesh (Bangla)

Bangladesh has enough sources of surface water, groundwater, and rainwater, as the blessing of nature. Due to its geographical location, Bangladesh experiences water abundance in the wet season and lacks in the dry season. Water pollution in Bangladesh is amplified by population growth, poverty, urbanization, industrialization, poor sanitation, excessive use of pesticides and fertilizers in agriculture, inefficient solid waste management, and lack of consciousness. Bangladesh’s government has enacted several laws to protect the water bodies of Bangladesh. This publication is a compilation of the water-related laws and policies of Bangladesh.

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A research to understand legal professional knowledge and skill on forensic evidence. (English)

In every criminal case, a person cannot be held accountable if there is no sufficient evidence to prove his guiltiness, with no doubt whatsoever. But in ensuring effective delivery of justice, the key role players in the legal system such as Judicial Officers, Advocates, Law Enforcement Agencies, Medical Experts, and other interested stakeholders must play their parts in harmony, with smooth cooperation between each character.  Under this research, we have collected primary data, as by way of survey,  who are currently enrolled as Advocates in various District and Session Courts under the divisions of Sylhet, Rajshahi, and Dhaka.

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Review of Legislation and Policies to Control Non-communicable Diseases in Bangladesh

The purpose behind this analysis was first, to discover the obligatory laws of the Health Ministry along with other organizations in controlling NCDs and secondly, to mark the limitations in existing laws and policies and make a proposal in the framework of laws. More details   --

Assessment of in-house daily living pattern of Child in urban area of Dhaka city including food, physical activities and civic sense. (Bangla)

Child physical and mental health is very important to develop as responsible citizen. Presently child physical and mental health are totally overlooked in the policy. This study conducted to understand how the city children are passing daily life in Dhaka city --

Policy Brief

A policy review paper on Traffic Congestion and Private Cars in Dhaka City (English)

The broad objective of this paper is to examine the feasibility of introducing City Bus Service in DCC area. The paper has illustrated by the 12 sub-thematic areas as regarding the policy analysis on “Traffic Congestion and Private Cars in Dhaka City”. --

Food safety policy and regulation in Bangladesh: Policy Brief (Bangla)

Bangladesh has a specific law to ensure safe food for consumers. But practically safe food issues related to different ministries and laws, and without better coordination, it is not possible to ensure safe food the citizen. This policy briefing paper is to describe the Safe food-related law and policies of Bangladesh. 

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Pedestrian safety laws and reality (Bangla)

A policy briefing paper to analyze the gaps in a pedestrian safe in Dhaka city. --